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Apex and Crisis: Monasticism in a Fundamental period of the Middle Ages.

Apex and Crisis: Monasticism in a Fundamental period of the Middle Ages.
At the end of the Carolingian Empire, with the rise of feudalism, as André Váuchez (1) points out, between the tenth and eleventh centuries, the Western world entered a process of secularization. This secularization ended up extending to the clergy itself when the bishops gained the power of real feudal lords. Many noblemen from the aristocracy ended up occupying ecclesiastical positions.
Through prestige and political influence, the rural clergy was primarily made up of freed servants, many of whom were married or even living in a marital state, exercising some type of office as a means of support, in addition to having no intellectual or even intellectual formation.
A Light kind of spirituality, was often enough, sufficing to know the prayers and proper formulas for the celebrations.
In the monasteries, lay abbots, who came from the nobility, are the same as in the case of the bishops, have become common by winning…

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